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Aadhar Edu Solutions (Registration Open 2 Year Programme for Class XI (Start from 1st Week of May), 1 Year Programme for Class XII (Start from 1st Week of April),1Year Programme for Class XIIth passed Student(Start from 2nd Week of June after JEE result), ADVANCE LEVEL CRASH COURSE FOR IIT-JEE (start from after JEE Mains Examinations)


IIT Joint Entrance Examination (Advanced)-2013

Joint Admission Board (JAB) of IIT Joint Entrance Examination (Advanced)-2013 met on August 27, 2012 at IIT Delhi to discuss the forthcoming admission. The admission to the undergraduate programmes at the IITs and ISM, Dhanbad for the year 2013 will be based only on category wise All India Rank (AIR) in JEE(Advanced) subject to the condition that such candidates are in the top 20 percentile of successful candidates of their Boards in applicable categories. The JEE (Advanced) will be held on June 2, 2013 (only offline). To be eligible to give JEE(Advanced), the candidates have to first appear in the JEE(Main) to be conducted by JEE Apex Board. The JEE (Main) will be held during the month of April, 2013 (both offline and online). Only 1,50,000 of the top rankers in JEE(Main), which includes students from all categories( GE,OBC(NCL), SC and ST ) will be eligible to appear in JEE(Advanced). The JEE (Advanced)-2013 will have two objective type papers. Each paper will consist of Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. Duration of each paper will be 3-hours. Question papers will be in both English and Hindi...

JEE MAIN (2013) - Notification by CBSE. All XIII students

IIT-JEE Syllabus of Physics

General : Units and dimensions, dimensional analysis; least count, significant figures; Methods of measurement and error analysis for physical quantities pertaining to the following experiments: Experiments based on using vernier calipers and screw gauge (micrometer), Determination of g using simple pendulum, Young's modulus by Searle's method, Specific heat of a liquid using calorimeter, focal length of a concave mirror and a convex lens using u-v method, Speed of sound using resonance column, Verification of Ohm's law using voltmeter and ammeter, and specific resistance of the material of a wire using meter bridge and post office box.
Mechanics : Kinematics in one and two dimensions (Cartesian coordinates only), projectiles; Circular motion (uniform and non-uniform); Relative velocity.
Newton's laws of Motion : Inertial and uniformly accelerated frames of reference; Static and dynamic friction; Kinetic and potential energy; Work and power; Conservation of linear momentum and mechanical energy.
Systems of Particles: Centre of mass and its motion; Impulse; Elastic and inelastic collisions.
Law of gravitation : Gravitational potential and field; Acceleration due to gravity; Motion of planets and satellites in circular orbits.
Rigid body, moment of inertia, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, moment of inertia of uniform bodies with simple geometrical shapes; Angular momentum; Torque; Conservation of angular momentum; Dynamics of rigid bodies with fixed axis of rotation; Rolling without slipping of rings, cylinders and spheres; Equilibrium of rigid bodies; Collision of point masses with rigid bodies.
Linear and Angular Simple Harmonic Motions.
Hooke's law, Young's Modulus.
Pressure in a Fluid :Pascal's law; Buoyancy; Surface energy and surface tension, capillary rise; Viscosity (Poiseuille's equation excluded), Stoke's law; Terminal velocity, Streamline flow, Equation of continuity, Bernoulli's theorem and its applications.
Wave motion (plane waves only), longitudinal and transverse waves, Superposition of waves; progressive and stationary waves; Vibration of strings and air columns. Resonance; Beats; Speed of sound in gases; Doppler effect (in sound).

Thermal Physics: Thermal expansion of solids, liquids and gases; Calorimetry, latent heat; Heat conduction in one dimension; Elementary concepts of convection and radiation; Newton's law of cooling; Ideal gas laws; Specific heats (Cv and Cp for monatomic and diatomic gases); Isothermal and adiabatic processes, bulk modulus of gases; Equivalence of heat and work; First law of thermodynamics and its applications (only for ideal gases). Blackbody radiation: absorptive and emissive powers; Kirchhoff's law, Wien's displacement law, Stefan's law.
Electricity and Magnetism : Coulomb's law; Electric field and potential; Electrical Potential energy of a system of point charges and of electrical dipoles in a uniform electrostatic field, Electric field lines; Flux of electric field; Gauss's law and its application in simple cases, such as, to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell.
Capacitance: Parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectrics; Capacitors in series and parallel; Energy stored in a capacitor
Electric current: Ohm's law : Series and parallel arrangements of resistances and cells; Kirchhoff's laws and simple applications; Heating effect of current.
Biot-Savart law and Ampere's law, magnetic field near a current-carrying straight wire, along the axis of a circular coil and inside a long straight solenoid; Force on a moving charge and on a current-carrying wire in a uniform magnetic field.
Magnetic Moment of a Current Loop : Effect of a uniform magnetic field on a current loop; Moving coil galvanometer, voltmeter, ammeter and their conversions.
Electromagnetic Induction: Faraday's law, Lenz's law; Self and mutual inductance; RC, LR and LC circuits with d.c. and a.c. sources.
Optics : Rectilinear propagation of light; Reflection and refraction at plane and spherical surfaces; Total internal reflection; Deviation and dispersion of light by a prism; Thin lenses; Combinations of mirrors and thin lenses; Magnification.
Wave Nature of light : Huygen's principle, interference limited to Young's double-slit experiment.
Modern Physics : Atomic nucleus; Alpha, beta and gamma radiations; Law of radioactive decay; Decay constant; Half-life and mean life; Binding energy and its calculation; Fission and fusion processes; Energy calculation in these processes.
Photoelectric Effect: Bohr's theory of hydrogen-like atoms; Characteristic and continuous X-rays, Moseley's law; de Broglie wavelength of matter waves.

IIT-JEE Syllabus of Aptitude Test

Freehand Drawing : This would comprise of simple drawing depicting the total object in its right form and proportion, surface texture, relative location and details of its component parts in appropriate scale. Common domestic or day-to-day life usable objects like furniture, equipment, etc., from memory.
Geometrical Drawing : Exercises in geometrical drawing containing lines, angles, triangles, quadrilaterals, polygons, circles etc. Study of plan (top view), elevation (front or side views) of simple solid objects like prisms, cones, cylinders, cubes, splayed surface holders etc.
Three-Dimensional Perception : Understanding and appreciation of three-dimensional forms with building elements, colour, volume and orientation. Visualization through structuring objects in memory.
Imagination and Aesthetic Sensitivity : Composition exercise with given elements. Context mapping. Creativity check through innovative uncommon test with familiar objects. Sense of colour grouping or application.

Architectural Awareness : General interest and awareness of famous architectural creations - both national and international, places and personalities (architects, designers etc. ) in the related domain

AIEEE 2012 Physics Syllabus

The syllabus contains two Sections - A and B. Section - A pertains to the Theory Part having 80% weightage, while Section - B contains Practical Component (Experimental Skills) having 20% weightage.
Unit – 1: Physics and Measurement
Physics, technology and society, S I units, Fundamental and derived units. Least count, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments, Errors in measurement, Significant figures.
Dimensions of Physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications

UNIT 2: Kinematics
Frame of reference. Motion in a straight line: Position-time graph, speed and velocity. Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity
Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, position-time graphs, relations for uniformly accelerated motion.
Scalars and Vectors, Vector addition and Subtraction, Zero Vector, Scalar and Vector products, Unit Vector, Resolution of a Vector. Relative Velocity, Motion in a plane, Projectile Motion, Uniform Circular Motion.

UNIT 3: Laws of Motion
Scalars and vectors, vector addition, a real number, zero vector and its properties. Resolution of vectors. Scalar and vector products, uniform circular motion and its applications projectile motion.

UNIT 4: Work, Energy and Power
Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic and potential energies, work-energy theorem, power.
Potential energy of a spring, conservation of mechanical energy, conservative and non-conservative forces; Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.

UNIT 5: Rotational Motion
Centre of mass of a two-particle system, Centre of mass of a rigid body; Basic concepts of rotational motion; moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications; moment of inertia, radius of gyration. Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.
Rigid body rotation, equations of rotational motion.

UNIT 6: Gravitation
The universal law of gravitation.
Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth. Kepler's laws of planetary motion.
Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential.
Escape velocity. Orbital velocity of a satellite. Geo-stationary satellites.

UNIT 7: Properties of Solids and Liquids
Elastic behaviour, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke's. Law, Young's modulus, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity.
Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal's law and its applications.
Viscosity, Stokes' law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, Reynolds number. Bernoulli's principle and its applications.
Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, application of surface tension - drops, bubbles and capillary rise.
Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; specific heat capacity, calorimetry; change of state, latent heat.
Heat transfer-conduction, convection and radiation, Newton’s law of cooling.

UNIT 8: Thermodynamics
Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, concept of temperature. Heat, work and internal energy. First law of thermodynamics.
Second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes. Camot engine and its efficiency

UNIT 9: Kinetic Theory of Gases
Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas.
Kinetic theory of gases - assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature: rms speed of gas molecules; Degrees of freedom, Law of equipartition of energy, applications to specific heat capacities of gases; Mean free path, Avogadro's number.

UNIT 10: Oscillations and Waves
Periodic motion - period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring - restoring force and force constant; energy in S.H.M. - kinetic and potential energies; Simple pendulum - derivation of expression for its time period; Free, forced and damped oscillations, resonance.
Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of a wave. Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, Standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats, Doppler effect in sound.

UNIT 11: Electrostatics
Electric charges: Conservation of charge, Coulomb's law-forces between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.
Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, Electric field lines, Electric dipole, Electric field due to a dipole, Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.
Electric flux, Gauss’s law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long, uniformly charged straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell.
Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges; Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges in an electrostatic field.
Conductors and insulators, Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitor, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, Energy stored in a capacitor.

UNIT 12: Currrent Electricity
Electric current, Drift velocity, Ohm's law, Electrical resistance, Resistances of different materials, V-I characteristics of Ohmic and nonohmic conductors, Electrical energy and power, Electrical resistivity, Colour code for resistors; Series and parallel combinations of resistors; Temperature dependence of resistance.
Electric Cell and its Internal resistance, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel.
Kirchhoff's laws and their applications. Wheatstone bridge, Metre bridge.
Potentiometer - principle and its applications

UNIT 13: Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
Biot - Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop. Ampere's law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron.
Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field; Moving coil galvanometer, its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.
Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements. Para-, dia- and ferro- magnetic substances
Magnetic susceptibility and permeability, Hysteresis, Electromagnets and permanent magnets.

UNIT 14: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
Electromagnetic induction; Faraday's law, induced emf and current; Lenz's Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance.
Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/ voltage; reactance and impedance; LCR series circuit, resonance; Quality factor, power in AC circuits, wattless current.
AC generator and transformer.

UNIT 15: Electromagnetic Waves
Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics. Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.
Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays). Applications of e.m. waves .

UNIT 16: Optics
Reflection and refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces, mirror formula, Total internal reflection and its applications, Deviation and Dispersion of light by a prism, Lens Formula, Magnification, Power of a Lens, Combination of thin lenses in contact, Microscope and Astronomical Telescope (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.
Wave optics: wavefront and Huygens' principle, Laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen's principle. Interference, Young's double slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light. Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum. Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes, Polarisation, plane polarized light; Brewster's law, uses of plane polarized light and Polaroids.

UNIT 17: Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation
Dual nature of radiation. Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation; particle nature of light.
Matter waves-wave nature of particle, de Broglie relation. Davisson-Germer experiment.

UNIT 18: Atoms and Nuclei
Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford's model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum.
Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones. Radioactivity-alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law. Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.

UNIT 19: Electronic Devices
Semiconductors; semiconductor diode: I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias; diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator. Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR). Transistor as a switch.

UNIT 20: Communication Systems
Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere; Sky and space wave propagation, Need for modulation, Amplitude and Frequency Modulation, Bandwidth of signals, Bandwidth of Transmission medium, Basic Elements of a Communication System (Block Diagram only).

UNIT 21: Experimental Skills
Familiarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities:
  1. Vernier callipers—its use to measure internal and external diameter and depth of a vessel
  2. Screw gauge—its use to determine thickness/diameter of thin sheet/wire.
  3. Simple Pendulum - dissipation of energy by plotting a graph between square of amplitude and time.
  4. Metre Scale - mass of a given object by principle of moments
  5. Young's modulus of elasticity of the material of a metallic wire
  6. Surface tension of water by capillary rise and effect of detergents
  7. Co-efficient of Viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring terminal velocity of a given spherical body.
  8. Plotting a cooling curve for the relationship between the temperature of a hot body and time.
  9. Speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube.
  10. Specific heat capacity of a given (i) solid and (ii) liquid by method of mixtures.
  11. Resistivity of the material of a given wire using metre bridge.
  12. Resistance of a given wire using Ohm's law
  13. Potentiometer –
    (i) Comparison of emf of two primary cells.
    (ii) Internal resistance of a cell.
  14. Resistance and figure of merit of a galvanometer by half deflection method.
  15. Focal length of:
    1. Convex mirror
    2. Concave mirror, and
    3. Convex lens
  16. Using parallax method. Plot of angle of deviation vs angle of incidence for a triangular prism.
  17. Refractive index of a glass slab using a travelling microscope
  18. Characteristic curves of a p - n junction diode in forward and reverse bias.
  19. Characteristic curves of a Zener diode and finding reverse break down voltage.
  20. Characteristic curves of a transistor and finding current gain and voltage gain
  21. Identification of Diode, LED, Transistor, IC, Resistor, Capacitor from mixed collection of such items.
  22. Using multimeter to:
  1. Identify base of a transistor
  2. Distinguish between npn and pnp type transistor
  3. See the unidirectional flow of current in case of a diode and an LED.
  4. Check the correctness or otherwise of a given electronic component (diode, transistor or IC).
AIEEE 2012 Aptitude Syllabus

Syllabus For Aptitude Test B. ARCH./B. Plannings
Part - I
Awareness of persons, places, Buildings, Materials. Objects, Texture related to Architecture and build~environment. Visualising three dimensional objects from two dimensional drawings. Visualising.different sides of three dimensional objects. Analytical Reasoning Mental Ability (Visual, Numerical and Verbal).
Part - II
Three dimensional - perception: Understanding and appreciation of scale and proportion of objects,building forms and elements, colour texture, harmony and contrast. Design and drawing of geometrical or abstract shapes and patterns in pencil. Transformation of forms both 2 D and 3 D union, substraction, rotation, development of surfaces and volumes, Generation of Plan, elevations and 3 D views of objects. Creating two dimensional and three dimensional compositions using given shapes and forms.Sketching of scenes and activities from memory of urbanscape (public space, market, festivals, street scenes, monuments, recreational spaces etc.),landscape (river fronts, jungles. gardens, tre es, plants etc.) and rural life.
Candidates are advised to bring pencils, own geometry box set, erasers and colour pencils and crayons for the Aptitude Test

Physics Concept: Moon as Earth's Natural Satelite

Moon is shown as the beautiful circular light from the Earth. Therefore, in the past time, human realized that the earth is a holy thing. So many people have the great mythology about moon. Some of them call the moon as God, and any other mythology. This is happen because the moon just shown as far object that cannot be reached by human in that time. 

The Moon is Earth's only natural satellite and the fifth largest satellite in the Solar System. It is the largest natural satellite in the Solar System relative to the size of its planet, a quarter the diameter of Earth and 1/81 its mass, and is the second densest satellite after Io. It is in synchronous rotation with Earth, always showing the same face; the near side is marked with dark volcanic Maria among the bright ancient crustal highlands and prominent impact craters. It is the brightest object in the sky after the Sun, although its surface is actually very dark, with a similar reflectance to coal. Its prominence in the sky and its regular cycle of phases has since ancient times made the Moon an important cultural influence on language, the calendar, art and mythology. The Moon's gravitational influence produces the ocean tides and the minute lengthening of the day. The Moon's current orbital distance, about thirty times the diameter of the Earth, causes it to appear almost the same size in the sky as the Sun, allowing it to cover the Sun nearly precisely in total solar eclipses.
The Moon is the only celestial body on which humans have landed. While the Soviet Union's Luna program was the first to reach the Moon with unmanned spacecraft in 1959, the United States' NASA Apollo program achieved the only manned missions to date, beginning with the first manned lunar orbiting mission by Apollo 8 in 1968, and six manned lunar landings between 1969 and 1972—the first being Apollo 11 in 1969. These missions returned over 380 kg of lunar rocks, which have been used to develop a detailed geological understanding of the Moon's origins (it is thought to have formed some 4.5 billion years ago in a giant impact event involving Earth), the formation of its internal structure, and its subsequent history.
After the Apollo 17 mission in 1972, the Moon has been visited only by unmanned spacecraft, notably by Soviet Lunokhod rovers. Since 2004, Japan, China, India, the United States, and the European Space Agency have each sent lunar orbiters. These spacecraft have contributed to confirming the discovery of lunar water ice in permanently shadowed craters at the poles and bound into the lunar regolith. Future manned missions to the Moon are planned but not yet underway; the Moon remains, under the Outer Space Treaty, free to all nations to explore for peaceful purposes.

CBSE 2010 Class XI Syllabus


Senior Secondary stage of school education is a stage of transition from general
education to discipline-based focus on curriculum. The present updated syllabus keeps
in view the rigour and depth of disciplinary approach as well as the comprehension
level of learners. Due care has also been taken that the syllabus is not heavy and is at
the same time, comparable to the international standards. Salient features of the syllabus
_ Emphasis on basic conceptual understanding of the content.
_ Emphasis on use of SI units, symbols, nomenclature of physical quantities and
formulations as per international standards.
_ Providing logical sequencing of units of the subject matter and proper placement of
concepts with their linkage for better learning.
_ Reducing the curriculum load by eliminating overlapping of concepts/ content within
the discipline and other disciplines.
_ Promotion of process-skills, problem-solving abilities and applications of Physics

Besides, the syllabus also attempts to
_ strengthen the concepts developed at the secondary stage to provide firm foundation
for further learning in the subject.
_ expose the learners to different processes used in Physics-related industrial and
technological applications.
_ develop process-skills and experimental, observational, manipulative, decision
making and investigatory skills in the learners.
_ promote problem solving abilities and creative thinking in learners.
_ develop conceptual competence in the learners and make them realize and appreciate
the interface of Physics with other disciplines.

List of IITs and IIITs

Institutions & Universities for ISEET:-

All national level institutions – IITs, NITs, IISER and IIITs to begin with are slated to accept the ISEET scores for admissions along with the School Board Examination Marks.

List of IITs and IIITs

IIT Kharagpur
West Bengal
IIT Bombay
IIT Madras
Tamil Nadu
IIT Kanpur
Uttar Pradesh
IIT Delhi
New Delhi
New Delhi
IIT Guwahati
IIT Roorkee
IIT Ropar
IIT Bhubaneswar
IIT Hyderabad
Andhra Pradesh
IIT Gandhinagar
IIT Patna
IIT Rajasthan
IIT Mandi
Himachal Pradesh
IIT Indore
Madhya Pradesh
IIT (BHU) Varanasi
Uttar Pradesh

List of NITs

Name of Institution
Dr. B R Ambedkar National Institute of Technology
Malaviya National Institute of Technology
Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology
Madhya Pradesh
Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology
Uttar Pradesh
National Institute of Technology
Arunachal Pradesh
National Institute of Technology
National Institute of Technology
National Institute of Technology
National Institute of Technology
National Institute of Technology
National Institute of Technology
National Institute of Technology
National Institute of Technology
National Institute of Technology
National Institute of Technology
National Institute of Technology
National Institute of Technology
West Bengal
National Institute of Technology
Himachal Pradesh
National Institute of Technology
National Institute of Technology
National Institute of Technology
National Institute of Technology
National Institute of Technology
National Institute of Technology
National Institute of Technology
National Institute of Technology
Jammu & Kashmir
National Institute of Technology
Tamil Nadu
National Institute of Technology
Andhra Pradesh
S V National Institute of Technology
Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology

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